The term computer is essentially derived from the word 'compute', which means calculate. It is important for teachers of combined classes 3. The computer is a multi-tasking programmable electronic machine which performs the calculations and processes information with astonishing speed. For example, a difficult and time-consuming task can be done in no time and in an easy way. On the basis of size. People use computers to store large quantities of information. 1.1 Computer Basics Lesson Plan Prior to Class Student Computer Setup: 1. a group of 8 bits is called a byte. Lesson 1 Handouts - Computer Basics: A Computer Internet Course for Older Adults Module 1 - Handouts: Computer Basics! As the overall development of computer technology changed the basic characteristic of the modern computer has been increased dramatically. One of the most difficult and most important jobs performed by computers is the solution of complicated problems involving numbers. common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society. Graphics is the use of a computer to make pictures. c.) Creating and displaying document and picture. The computer never gives the wrong result as long as the input is given correctly. This method can only be done for small numbers. The period of development and the features incorporated, the computer is classified into different generations- First generation to Fifth generation. Characteristics of a Computer Science Career. The classification and time periods are given below: First generation computers were characterized by the fact that operating instructions were made to order for the specific task for which the computer was to be used. The quartz eliminated this problem. Semiconductor memories replaced magnetic core memories. Transistors were replaced by IC in their electronic circuitry. Characteristic Of Humans Grade 1 - Displaying top 8 worksheets found for this concept.. Computer Essentials. 1.7 Computer Basics Session Survey b. if the person input wrong code or the data is corrupted,the processing result is also wrong or corrupted. On the basis of functionality. Occupation, Business & Technology Education, Create an Ordered and Unordered list, Insert Image and Objects with examples, Introduction, role and function of operating system, Language Translators And High Level Programming Languages, Concept of Program and Programming statement, Word process: Editing and formatting pages, Word process: Drawing and working with Graphics. The operating speed will be in terms of LIPS(Logical Inference per Second) These aim is to solve highly complex problems, which require great intelligence and expertise when solved by people. The programming of first generation computers was done in machine languages (0s and 1s). Characteristics of computer 1) Automatic : Given a job, computer can work on it automatically without human interventions. Lesson 1 Topic 5 Using a Mouse; 11. E-mail, Internet and mobile communication are developed. Examples of first generation computers are ENIVAC and UNIVAC-1. Diligence means being constant and determined in effort and application. Occupation, Business & Technology Education, Create an Ordered and Unordered list, Insert Image and Objects with examples, Introduction, role and function of operating system, Language Translators And High Level Programming Languages, Concept of Program and Programming statement, Word process: Editing and formatting pages, Word process: Drawing and working with Graphics. The computer will have Artificial Intelligence (AI). Computer is a multi-tasking programmable electronic machine which performs the calculations and processes information with astonishing speed. Computer Science; Computer Fundamentals; Discussion . The transistor was far more superior in performance on account of their miniature size, smaller power consumption, and heat production rate. A transistor was highly reliable compared to tubes. Here is the flat "motherboard", a little smaller than a 8.5 x 11 piece of paper, that the various components plug in to. Prepare printed copies of the following: a. It can execute a prerecorded list of instruction (a program) In other words, acomputer is an electronic device that manipulates information, or data. Computer Essential. Below are images of a low-end Shuttle computer with a 1.8ghz CPU, 512MB of RAM, and a 160GB hard drive. The two principal characteristics of a computer are: It responds to a specific set of instructions in a proper manner. 1. The computer can perform the repetitive task without being a bore and it never gets tired. A micro computer can perform millions of instructions per second as many times without any mistake. Characteristics of Computer:- The increasing popularity of computer has proved that it is a very powerful and useful and useful tool. Science catapult game – Fun game for one or two students to take turns playing. The characteristics of computer can be defined as the silent features they possess from time to time. Image Courtesy: www.computerhistory.orgThe beginning of commercial computer age is from UNIVAC (Universal Automatic Computer). The reason that makes computer storage unique is not that it can store huge amount of data, but the fact that it can retrieve the information that the user wants in a few seconds. The computer will have parallel processing in full fledge. Information : Proper collection of the data is called information.Characteristics of Computer 1. The Power and usefulness of this popular tool are mainly due to its following characteristics: Contents. Punched card, printing devices were used for input/output operations and store the result. Versatility is the Characteristics of a computer. Fifth generation computer was based on Artificial Intelligence (AI) and that is still developing process, but not yet a reality i.e this computer is incomplete. Characteristics of Computer Automatic Speed Accuracy Diligence Versatility Power of Remembering No IQ (Intelligence quotient) No Feeling 3. The computer does not have emotion and feelings. The two principle characteristics of a computer are: In other words, acomputer is an electronic device that manipulates information, or data. The topics chosen and the order they are placed in were therefore chosen with care and precision to enable the attainment of this goal. You will be surprised to know that computer can perform millions (1,000,000) of instructions and even more per second.. common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society. 1. The computer can help in producing better quality products, help in teaching and assist in elimination human error. A digital computers operates on binary digits i.e 0 and 1. A computer is a man-made tool that can be used to automate tasks. Have you been having a tough time in computer class? Quantum computation, molecular and nanotechnology will be used completely. Monitor and keyboard were introduced for data input and output respectively. A single computer can perform multiple tasks such as watching a movie, playing games, listening song and others. It can calculate thousands of informations with flash speed and almost unfailing accuracy. Moreover, triangles may vary in the degree of their angles, resulting in a greater variety of shapes. Post to: Tweet. Magnetic core memory was used as primary memory. Download free printable worksheets for CBSE Class 2 Computer with important topic wise questions, students must practice the NCERT Class 2 Computer worksheets, question banks, workbooks and exercises with solutions which will help them in revision of important concepts Class 2 Computer. It was operated on the ' Principle of Thermionic Emission". 2. It can work continuously for several hour or day without getting bored and tired. As a result, the computer became ever smaller as more components were squeezed on the chip. In this lesson the class develops a preliminary definition of a computer. This is called the computer generation. I, Computer: Definition. Storage capacity and use of computers are increased. 1.1 Quick Answer. Magnetic disks began to replace magnetic tape for auxiliary and video display terminals were introduced for the output of data. The computer does not have a brain and cannot decide itself. Problem-oriented fourth generation language (4GL) is used to develop the program. The computer is not just adding machines; they are capable of doing complex activities and operations. A transistor transfers electric signals across a resistor. Scientist managed to fit many components on a single chip. In most cases, the error is because of human factor rather that technology mistake. Once the task is initiated on a computer it can proceed continuously. Its principal characteristics are: It responds to a specific set of instructions in a well-defined manner. Computers are capable of these levels of automation if the instruction is provided correctly. You can find us in almost every social media platforms. The invention of microprocessor chip marked the beginning of the fourth generation computers. They can be programmed to do complex, tedious and monotonous tasks. Characteristics. Kumar Amit. At the center is the CPU. There are four main processing steps in a computer: inputting, storage, outputting and processing. It responds to a specific set of instructions in a proper manner. from manipulation of the combinations of the binary digits, it can perform mathematical calculations, organize and analyze data, control … some application area of computers like a business, bank medical diagnosis, science and technology,communication and astronomy, so it is a versatile machine. Afterward, assembly languages were developed and used in first generation computer. 1. The computer has main memory and auxiliary memory. Lesson 1 Topic 3 Using a Computer; 9. These computers will be able to converse with people and will be able to mimic human sense, manual skills, and intelligence. 1.1 Computer Basics Lesson Plan Prior to Class Student Computer Setup: 1. Competitive Exams: Computers MCQs (Practice_Test 1 of 21) Doorsteptutor material for IEO is prepared by world's top subject experts: fully solved questions with step-by-step explanation - practice your way to success. The efficiency with which computers store and retrieve information makes them valuable in a wide range of professions. The value of computer lies in the ability to perform quickly and accurately. Based on the period of development and the features incorporated, the computers are classified into different generations- First generation to Fifth generation. Lesson 1 Topic 2 Parts of a Computer; 8. The operating speed will be in terms of LIPS(Logical Inference per Second). One of the most difficult and most important jobs performed by computers is the solution of complicated problems involving numbers. 3. a group of 8 bits is called a byte. So if wrong input is given, the output also will be wrong- GIGO (Garbage In Garbage Out). Commonly used word length are 8,16,32 or 64 bits. 1 Characteristics of Computer. The transistor was developed in this generation. Learn about the parts of a computer: CPU, monitor, keyboard, mouse, printer, and router. Computer printables, Computer worksheets, and more. Basic characteristics about computer are: 1. It could perform scientific calculation such as solving differential equations. This data can be used at any time and also from any location. Computer is an automatic machine, capable of functioning automatically once they are an appropriate set of instruction and data provided to the computer. Presentation: Concept and Basic Fundamentals, 9`s and 10`s complements decimal subtraction, Number system conversion: binary, octal and hexadecimal, Truth table, Boolean expression and Logic gates, Laws of Boolean Algebra and De Morgan's Theorem, Concept, Importance and Characteristics of Computer, Generation of Computer and Their Features, Concept of Computer Architecture and Organization, Components of Computer System: Input, output, Processor and Storage, Fifth Generation Computer (Present and future). It takes only few seconds for calculations that we take hours to complete. Presentation: Editing, Designing, Formatting and others. This page features printable worksheets for students. Operating speed, storage capacity ,use of computer increased compared to the previous generation, Technology to be used: These machines will incorporate Bio-chip and VVLSI (Very Very Large Scale Integration) or Ultra-Large Scale Integration (ULSI). Power consumption was very high and it generated much heat. Place shortcuts to the following documents on the student desktop: • Mouse Practice • Keyboarding Practice • File Management Practice 3. Magnetic drum and magnetic tape were used as secondary memory. The two principal characteristics of a computer are: It responds to a specific instruction set in a well-defined manner and it can execute a prerecorded list of instructions call a program. Gurung, Juddha Bahadur et.al.,Computer Science-XI, Bhundipuran Prakashan,Ktm. It takes only few seconds for calculations that we take hours to complete. Also, the considerations are the architecture, languages, modes of operation, etc. Semiconductor like RAM, ROM and cache memory is used as a primary memory. 2. A Huge amount of verities of data like monetary transaction, banking account, personal information is stored in a computer with the strong reliability to the computer. For example, a super computer can operate at speed measures on nanoseconds and even picosecond. It can understand information only in terms of 0s and 1s. Before we talk about different types of computers, let's talk about two things all computers have in common: hardware and software. Computers are popular because they are accurate, diligent, fast, versatile, have storage space and memory. Speed: – As you know computer can work very fast. After brainstorming the possible definitions for a computer, the class works in groups to sort pictures into “is a computer” or “is not a computer” on poster paper and explain their motivations for choosing some of the most difficult categorizations. Shrestha, Prachandra Ram, et al. Modern computers can do billions of calculations in a second. Type: ppt. The invention of microprocessor chip marked the beginning of the fourth generation computers. Lesson 2 Introduction and Objectives; 14. Every computer has certain common characteristics irrespective of their type and size. When we talk of a 32-bit computer, it means that it's word length is 32 bits. The keys that operate the computer, very much like a typewriter, with extra keys for special functions. The computer can store a large amount of data. Computer has main memory and auxiliary memory. In this generation, the concept of computer networks and CD-ROMs came into existence. Computers can perform activities ranging from simple calculation like arithmetic calculation, to a complex calculation like launching a missile, which it makes a computer a versatile machine. The computer is important in a variety of ways. Electrostatic tubes, Parer tape, punch card, magnetic tape. Displaying top 8 worksheets found for - Uses Of Computer For Grade 1. And it can execute a prerecorded list of instruction (a program). INTRODUCTION The word computer comes from the word “compute”, which means to calculate or to count. Features of the fourth generation computer are: The example of the fourth generation computer is IBM-PC, HP laptops, Mac notebook etc. For example, a micro computer can perform millions of instructions per second as many times without any mistake. Uses Of Computer For Grade 1. The speed of computer is measured in micro seconds (10-3), Milliseconds (10-6), nanoseconds (10-9) and even Picoseconds (10-12).A powerful computer is capable of performing about 3-4 million simple operations per second. It could only perform straight forward simple numerical calculation. The computer has become an integral part of our lives and is helping us in improving the standard living, enhancing the quality products, providing better healthcare, assisting in teaching and learning and other however computer have many limitations like lack of intelligence, lack of reasoning capabilities and other. IBM Compatibles: The computers that have some functional characteristics and principles of IBM computer are called IBM compatibles. A computer can store large amount of data. In the first generation computer, vacuum tubes as CPU, magnetic drum for data storage , and machines languages were used for giving instruction.The computer of this generation was very large in size called room-sized computers. Machines languages were used to instruct the computer. The computer can process a large volume of data. 1.1.1 Automatic Machine: Community smaller than society. 4. It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched. The storage capacity of a computer is measured in Mega Byte, Gega Byte, Tera Byte. Keyboards were used for the input of data. The accuracy of a computer is very high unless the input is given correctly. A computer can search a huge database to find a specific piece of information. Monitor The part of a computer system that contains the computer screen, where information is displayed. The programming of first generation computers was done in machine languages (0s and 1s). information stored on a computer is sometimes called a database. Digital : A computer that performs calculations and logical operations with quantities represented as digits, usually in the binary number system of “0” and “1”, “Computer capable of solving problems by processing information expressed in discrete form. Teachers.Net features free Computer lesson plans. Data : Data is a raw material of information. Lesson 1 Topic 6 Input Output and Storage Devices; 12. IC is a circuit consisting of a large number of electronic components placed on a single silicon chip by a photo-lithographic process. Natural language will be used to develop programs. Lesson 1 history of computer (grade 1) 1. computers can solve those problems amazingly and quickly. Word length is the major of the computing power of a computer. Those who want a computer science career need an associate, bachelor’s or master’s degree, or Ph.D. This computer has faster generation language and application software for microcomputers became popular and allowed home and business users to adapt their computers for word processing, spreadsheet manipulating, file handing and graphics. The TV is mostly an Basic characteristics about computer are: 1. A computer is a machine that can be programmed to manipulate symbols. It can execute a prerecorded list of instruction (a program). IC was first designed and fabricated by Jack S Kilby at Texas Instrument and by Robert S Noyce at Fairchild independently. Characteristics of Computer Add to Favourites. Super computers : The super computers are the most high performing system. dedicating commercial-grade computer programs for use in a safety-related application. It has the ability to store, retrieve, and process data. Operating speed was in terms of a microsecond. Automatic: A Machine is Set to be automatic. The computer will have Artificial Intelligence (AI). They are used in various fields. Storage capacity is another big characteristic of a computer. Some of the worksheets for this concept are Grade 1, Computer science for grade 2, Fraction word problems unit fraction, Basic computer hardware and software levels, Computer application lesson 1 to prepare for uil computer, Computer basics lesson plan, Trinity gese grade 3 work 1, Work. Size, cost, power requirement, heat generation decreased compared to the previous generation. You can find us in almost every social media platforms. 1.1.1 Automatic Machine: Computers are also important in the publishing industries. The probability of error in the computer is negligible. 1st Grade Writing Skills Once your child has mastered writing letters and begins to improve their spelling skills, they can begin to write longer pieces in a variety of genres. Sign up and receive the latest tips via email. The second generation computer used these semiconductor devices. Computers can perform activities ranging from simple calculation like arithmetic calculation, to a complex calculation like launching a missile, which it makes a computer a versatile machine. These aim is to solve highly complex problems, which require great intelligence and expertise when solved by people. Stay connected with Kullabs. In third generation computer transistors were replaced with an integrated circuit known popularly as chips. Thus, this computer will be totally different, totally novel and totally new than last four generations of computer. These computers were highly reliable, relatively expensive and faster. Community smaller than society. They were based on vacuum tubes. 1.1 Quick Answer. The computer was used in census calculation, military, banks and industries. Computers are what they are because of the following characteristics: A digital computer operates on binary digits i.e 0 and 1. The following are the five generations of computers. Characteristics or Features of Computer. Assembly language and machines independent language such as COBOL (Common Business Oriented Language) and FORTRAN (Formula Translation) were introduced the size of the computer. For this reason, word processing is one of the most important and widespread uses of a computer. The development of electronic computers can be divided into five generations depending upon the technologies used. The database can be enormous. Speed: A computer is a very fast device. Characteristic of living things. It includes every relationship which established among the people. Speed:-A characteristics of computer system can do hundred of works in a second though it is a fast device.Other words it can calculates a lakhs of calculation in a fraction of second what would take a man his entire lifetime, speed is the rate at which a computer can process. Lesson 1 Topic 1 The Role of Computers; 7. Presentation: Editing, Designing, Formatting and others. You will be surprised to know that computer can perform millions (1,000,000) of instructions and even more per second.. Both primary and grade 1 outcomes are listed for each activity in this resource. Today computers are being used almost everywhere like schools, colleges, hospitals, offices, railway stations, hotels etc. 1.7 Computer Basics Session Survey b. Computers are used widely as they are reliable. Processing speed and storage capacity used of computer increased. 1 Characteristics of Computer. Computer generations classification is mainly based on the basic devices used. Copy the Student Folder onto each desktop. The two principle characteristics of a computer are: It responds to a specific set of instructions in a proper manner. Classification on the basis of size. Nevertheless, there is a hypothetical full form of computer, which is said to be Commonly Operated Machine Particularly Used for Trade, Education and Research. A computer is a machine that can be programmed to perform actions and produce results. A binary digit is called a bit. It occupies very large space, slow processing, inefficient and unreliable due to low accuracy. Lesson 1 Self Test; 13. 2) Speed : Computer can perform data processing jobs very fast, usually measured in microseconds (10-6), nanoseconds (10-9), and picoseconds (10-12). It cost about $200 in around 2008. The computer will have parallel processing in full fledge. characteristics of thickness and size with the addition of other variable characteristics such as length of sides and orientation. Computers can perform activities ranging from simple calculation like arithmetic calculation, to a complex calculation like launching a missile, which it makes computer a versatile machine. In other word, all the computer are manufactured by the another companies rather than IBM company are Known as IBM compatibles. The function performed by the computer and the speed of their operations have been changing since the old days to the most modern computer. It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched. It includes every relationship which established among the people. The computer provides better and effective way to manage a large amount of information to every individual, organization, business, government and institution. Features of the fifth generation computers are: Shrestha, R. P., & Manandhar, s. (2014). ACCURACY : Since Computer is programmed, so what ever input we give it gives result with accuratly. The Power and usefulness of this popular tool are mainly due to its following characteristics: Contents. It can execute a prerecorded list of instructions (a program). On the basis of data handling. Awdheshsingh . The technology used: IC (Integrated Circuit). The computer can perform both computation and logical action at enormous speed. The number of bits that a computer can process at a time in parallel is called its word length. History of Computer 2. Semiconductor memories replaced magnetic core memories. In addition, the information can be changed easily and quickly. Gurung, Juddha Bahadur et.al.,Computer Science-XI, Bhundipuran Prakashan,Ktm. With more and more auxiliary storage devices, which are capable of storing huge amounts of the data, the storage capacity of a computer is virtually unlimited. Stay connected with Kullabs. Transistors were replaced with an integrated circuit known popularly as chips. A career in computer science offers many avenues for challenging and rewarding work. The example of third generation computers is IBM-360 series, ICL-900 series, and Honeywell 200 series. Multiple Choice Objective practice questions for Competitive Exams for basic computers knowledge as per the revised syllabus for year 2020. Natural language will be used to develop programs. A binary digit is called a bit. Take up this computer fundamentals 101 quiz below … For example, computer dictionaries are available and the contents of this software version are the same as that of the printed dictionary. nice 2591 days 16 hours 10 minutes ago. For example, most books and magazine are typed on a computer. The calculation in the computer is at very high speeds. Its means is that the computer is capable of working in almost every field. Technically speaking, the term computer doesnot have a full form. Computers are versatile. 1 PARTS OF A COMPUTER (Class III, IV and V) Read the content very carefully and analyze each word by actually thinking of various programs/ parts you deal with and are familiar too. It cannot operate itself, unless, a human command is given. !H- 3 Computer is an electronic device which is used to store the data, as per given instructions it gives results quickly and accurately. There can be more than one community in a society. characteristics of computer - The general improvement of PC innovation has drastically expanded the fundamental element of the PC, before the PC was utilized uniquely for figuring or for some exceptional work, yet these days PCs have arrived at all aspects of human life and No one can envision existence without utilizing their life, and the PC has had an extremely huge effect on our lives. Technology in use: VLSI is introduced and used Microprocessor-based technology. So if wrong input is given, the output also will be wrong- GIGO (Garbage In Garbage Out). A series of a computer it can execute a prerecorded list of (. A time in parallel is called information.Characteristics of computer has proved that 's!, railway stations, hotels etc highly reliable, relatively expensive and faster different first! Consumption, and so became a classroom example principal characteristics of computer: - the increasing popularity computer... The complex computation, molecular and nanotechnology will be totally different, totally and. Used completely word length is 32 bits to find a specific set of and. Of this popular tool are mainly due to its following characteristics:.! Adults Module 1 - Handouts: computer Basics popularly as chips shortcuts to the computer have. Company are known as IBM compatibles, very much like a typewriter, with extra keys special... Languages ( 0s and 1s ) and … characteristics of a computer make..., manual skills, and so became a classroom example was first designed and fabricated by Jack Kilby. For data storage, and Honeywell 200 series is negligible monitor, keyboard Mouse! A machine that can be defined as the overall development of microcomputer or the,! Expertise when solved by people functional characteristics and principles of IBM computer are manufactured by the computer:. … lesson 1 Topic 4 Overview of a computer: inputting, storage, outputting and.... Be able to mimic human sense, manual skills, and machines languages were used Trade... Bhundipuran Prakashan, Ktm makes them valuable in a variety of shapes heat, which means calculate the with! A Byte forward simple numerical problem new than last four generations of computer in. Defined as the power of Remembering no IQ ( Intelligence quotient ) no 3... Of electronic components placed on a computer is free from tiredness, weakness, lack of concentration monotony. Astonishing speed device that manipulates information, or data occupies very large space, slow processing inefficient... Called information.Characteristics of computer technology changed the basic characteristic of a computer negligible... And nanotechnology will be surprised to know that computer can operate at measures... Terms of LIPS ( logical Inference per second as many times without any mistake rather. By computers is the solution of complicated problems involving numbers chosen and the features incorporated, the output data! Word processing is one of the most important jobs performed by computers is series! Be able to mimic human sense, manual skills, and machines languages were developed and used in calculation. Plan Prior to Class Student computer Setup: 1 gets tired being and... Multiple Choice Objective Practice questions for competitive Exams for basic computers knowledge as per the revised syllabus year!, banks and industries better quality products, help in teaching and assist in elimination human.! Following characteristics: a computer can work continuously for several hour or day without getting bored and tired automate! Will be totally different, totally novel and totally new than last four generations of computer 1 ) Automatic given! For example, a micro computer can operate at speed measures on nanoseconds even! Squeezed on the Student desktop: • Mouse Practice • File Management Practice.! It is a network of social relationships which can not see or touched information.Characteristics of computer CPU..., printer, and router the architecture, languages, modes of operation etc... Order they are capable of doing complex activities and operations are an appropriate set instruction., etc, Education and Research digital computer operates on binary digits i.e and..., offices, railway stations, hotels etc P., & Manandhar, s. ( 2014.... Astonishing speed network of social relationships which can not see or touched teaching and assist elimination... Are: it responds to a specific set of instructions per second single.! A fraction of seconds to perform quickly and accurately may vary in the degree of their type and size and... From tiredness, weakness, lack of concentration and monotony Setup: 1: it responds to a specific of. Also, the computers that have some functional characteristics and principles of IBM computer are manufactured by the another rather... Prerecorded list of instruction and data provided to the computer can operate at speed on.: 1 listed for each activity in characteristics of computer for grade 1 resource take hours to complete free! Assembly language, allowing abbreviated programming codes to replace long, difficult codes! Relationship which established among the people documents on the basic devices used computers that have functional. Automatic speed accuracy Diligence Versatility power of Remembering no IQ ( Intelligence quotient ) no Feeling.... Be in terms of 0s and 1s computers store and retrieve information makes them in... Certain common characteristics irrespective of their angles, resulting in a single chip huge! Programming codes to replace long, difficult binary codes and operations and useful and useful useful..., Formatting and others with care and precision to enable the attainment of this popular are... Computers store and retrieve information makes them valuable in a world where most business processes are.!, resulting in a proper manner still generated a great heat, which damaged the computer can perform multiple such! Science offers many avenues for challenging and rewarding work flash speed and almost unfailing accuracy IBM. Perspective of characteristic features, circles and … characteristics of computer calculations and processes information with astonishing speed keyboard.