Thanks for A2A. The town derives its name from the local word palum, meaning "much water".There are numerous streams flowing from the mountains to the plains from Palampur. These cookie are essential to our site in order to enable you to move around it and to use its features. (Yamuna, Satluj, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Himurja), 237,250 persons, annual expenditure: over, Employment generated in government sector, Bhanupali (Punjab) - Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh, This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 11:59. [15] In the revolt of 1857, or first Indian war of independence, arising from a number of grievances against the British,[15] the people of the hill states were not as politically active as were those in other parts of the country. [15], Himachal is in the western Himalayas. [24][25], Himachal is also said to be the fruit bowl of the country,[26] with orchards being widespread. The state-owned Himachal Road Transport Corporation with a fleet of over 3,100,[85] operates bus services connecting important cities and towns with villages within the state and also on various interstate routes. Dec 02, 2015, 12:54 PM IST The judiciary is composed of the Himachal Pradesh High Court and a system of lower courts. [101] Sikhs mostly live in towns and cities and constitute 1.16% of the state population. [120] By 2011, the literacy rate surged to over 82%,[121][5] making Himachal one of the most-literate states in the country. [117] Non-vegetarian food is more preferred and accepted in Himachal Pradesh than elsewhere in India, partly due to the scarcity of fresh vegetables on the hilly terrain of the state. [74]. Himachal Pradesh is governed through a parliamentary system of representative democracy, a feature the state shares with other Indian states. By continuing to use the site, you agree to the use of cookies. [47][48] The state government's advance estimates for fiscal 2017–18 stated the total GDP and per capita income as ₹1.359 trillion and ₹158,462, respectively. [51] Expenditure on agriculture and allied activities increased from 14.4% in the First Plan to 32% in the Third Plan, showing a progressive decline afterwards from 24% in the Fourth Plan to less than 10% in the Tenth Plan. Popular Malayalam film actress Manju Warrier along with a film crew is stranded in flood-hit Himachal Pradesh prompting a union minister to intervene in the matter.. However, if you select this setting you may be unable to access certain parts of the sites. [35], The Legislative Assembly of Himachal Pradesh has no pre-constitution history. The Himalayas attracts tourists from all over the world. Biological Conservation, 93 (3): 371-379. The Council of Ministers reports to the Legislative Assembly. For instance, we will recognize your user name and remember how you customized the sites and services, for example by adjusting text size, fonts, languages and other parts of web pages that are alterable, and provide you with the same customizations during future visits. SHIMLA: Himachal Pradesh reported 3 Covid deaths and 84 positive cases on Saturday while 175 positive patients have also recovered. 1/5 Uttrakhand, Manali, and Kashmir witnessed a heavy snowfall session at the beginning of the year, tourists got stranded between Solang valley and Manalli because of a massive traffic jam. The British territories came under the British Crown after Queen Victoria's proclamation of 1858. [75] Buddhist monasteries, trekking to tribal villages and mountain biking are other local possibilities. Session Cookies  [113] Local music and dance also reflects the cultural identity of the state. Demands of customers? [15], During the Vedic period, several small republics known as Janapada existed which were later conquered by the Gupta Empire. During week 2, there would be rise in minimum temperatures over northwest, Central and eastern India as compare to week 1. Piyush Goyal explains how India is turning PM Narendra Modi's $5 trillion economy dream into reality, TCS Share Price: Strong Performance in Q3, Management gains market share on strong demand outlook, Anil Singhvi’s Strategy January 11: Day support zone on Nifty is 14,200-14,250 & Bank Nifty is 31,900-32,000, Stocks in Focus on January 11: Snowman Logistics, Jain Irrigation, TCS, Avenue Supermart to Tata Steel; here are the 5 Newsmakers of the Day. Prior to India's independence from the British, Himachal comprised the hilly regions of Punjab Province of British India. [86], Himachal Pradesh has a total population of 6,864,602 including 3,481,873 males and 3,382,729 females according to the Census of India 2011. [53], Himachal Pradesh also ranks as the second-best performing state in the country on human development indicators after Kerala. (2002) Medicinal Plants of Indian Trans-Himalaya: Focus on Tibetan Use of Medicinal Resources. If you have any other questions about our Cookie Policy, please contact us at: In the southern low tracks between an altitude of 400-900 it is hot sub humid type, between 900-1800m altitude warm & temperate, between 900-2400m cool & temperate, cold alpine & glacial above 2400- 4800m altitude. Himachal Pradesh is a hilly area while Kerala is a coastal area. Himachal Pradesh. After independence, many of the hilly territories were organized as the Chief Commissioner's province of Himachal Pradesh which later became a union territory. The food talk of Himachal Pradesh cannot be completed without including the Tibetan cuisines. Current Science, 89 (8): 1331–1338. In may in Himachal Pradesh (Shimla), the climate is wet (with 2.7in of rainfall over 13 days). Bir Billing is the centre for aero sports in Himachal and considered as best for paragliding. Kala, C.P. [15] The Kols and Mundas are believed to be the original inhabitants to the hills of present-day Himachal Pradesh followed by the Bhotas and Kiratas. The carpets, leather works, Kullu shawls, Kangra paintings, Chamba Rumals, stoles, embroidered grass footwear (Pullan chappal), silver jewellery, metal ware, knitted woolen socks, Pattoo, basketry of cane and bamboo (Wicker and Rattan) and woodwork are among the notable ones. [11] According to a survey of CMS – India Corruption Study 2017, Himachal Pradesh is India's least corrupt state. For more information on the development of user-profiles and the use of targeting/advertising Cookies, please see www.youronlinechoices.eu if you are located in Europe or www.aboutads.info/choices if in the United States. The climate varies from hot and subhumid tropical in the southern tracts to, with more elevation, cold, alpine, and glacial in the northern and eastern mountain ranges. Easterly waves are likely to cause isolated to scattered rainfall over Tamil Nadu, Kerala & Lakshadweep Islands during week 2. Fresh snowfall occurred in Himachal Pradesh and Kashmir, where road and air links were snapped with the rest of the country. [117] Lentils (Dāl), rice (Chāwal or Bhāț), vegetables (Sabzī) and chapati (wheat flatbread) form the staple food of the local population. Without these essential cookies we may not be able to provide certain services or features and our site will not perform as smoothly for you as we would like. [15] Several hill states acknowledged Mughal suzerainty and paid regular tribute to the Mughals.[16]. More than 95% of the total population adheres to the Hindu faith and majorly follows Shaivism and Shaktism traditions,[100] the distribution of which is evenly spread throughout the state. The hilly state is almost universally electrified with 99.5% of the households having electricity as of 2016. [77] The air routes connect the state with Delhi and Chandigarh. [22] Vegetation in the state is dictated by elevation and precipitation. IMD weather update: Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Jammu and Kashmir to Tamil Nadu and Kerala, see what lies in store for you IMD weather update: An active … These third-party service providers use persistent Cookies to help us improve user experience, manage our site content, and analyse how users navigate and utilize the sites. The only broad gauge railway line in the whole state connects Amb Andaura-Una Himachal railway station to Nangal Dam in Punjab and runs all the way to Daulatpur, Himachal Pradesh. The legislature consists of elected members and special office bearers such as the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker who are elected by the members. The state shares a border to the east with the Tibet Autonomous Region in China. Almost 90% of the state's population lives in rural areas. [104], The Hindu communities residing in Himachal include the Brahmins, Kayasthas, Rajputs, Sunars, Kannets, Rathis and Kolis. In 1966, hilly areas of neighboring Punjab state were merged into Himachal and it was ultimately granted full statehood in 1971. [37] Terms of office run for five years, unless the Assembly is dissolved prior to the completion of the term. One is the Kalka-Shimla Railway, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and another is the Pathankot-Jogindernagar line. What is it? Classification Count Köppen-Geiger Examples; Humid subtropical climate: 409: Cfa: Mandi, Kulu, Manali, Chamba, Dharamsala: However, this will not prevent the sites from placing further cookies on your device unless and until you adjust your Internet browser setting as described above. Cold wave conditions likely in some parts over western Himalayan region and in isolated pockets over northwest India during 1st half of the week 2. Winter lasts from late November till mid-March. The State itself is a post-independence creation. [130] Snowfall is common in alpine tracts . [citation needed], Most of the population, however, speak natively one or another of the Western Pahari languages (locally also known as Himachali or just Pahari), a subgroup of the Indo-Aryan languages that includes Bhattiyali, Bilaspuri, Chambeali, Churahi, Gaddi, Hinduri, Kangri, Kullu, Mahasu Pahari, Mandeali, Pahari Kinnauri, Pangwali, and Sirmauri. By continuing to browse or use our sites, you agree that we can store and access cookies and other tracking technologies as described in this policy. Below normal rain/snow also likely over Western Himalayan Region during week 1. [114], Apart from national fairs and festivals, there are regional fairs and festivals, including the temple fairs in nearly every region that are of great significance to Himachal Pradesh. Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry has earned a unique distinction in India for imparting teaching, research and extension education in horticulture, forestry and allied disciplines. Besides these, there is a Government Dental College in Shimla which is the state's first recognised dental institute.[129]. Conquered by the Tibetan culture to be fully utilised full statehood in 1971 to browser... 19 ] 108 ] [ 31 ] [ 32 ] [ 98 ], in... Climate Himachal Pradesh reported 3 Covid deaths and 84 positive cases on Saturday but no loss of life property. 10 ] through its history, unique features and highlights representative democracy, UNESCO... Science, 89 ( 8 ): 1331–1338 and endangered medicinal plants of Indian Trans-Himalaya: Focus on use!, history, unique features and highlights bias in education levels. [ 129.. Bir Billing is the Western tragopan, locally known as Janapada existed which were later conquered by Speaker. Pathankot–Jogindernagar meanders through a maze of hills and valleys the winter months appointed by the President of India a! Details of the rarest living pheasants in the hilly state is one of the Legislative Assembly of Himachal high. Is dissolved prior to the use of cookies which can be found Mcleodganj! A haven the technologies we use 80 ] [ 98 ], Himachal Pradesh British India zeenews.india.com understands your. 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